The term coprolite comes from the Greek kópros (dung) and líthos (stone) and indicates an excrement, produced by an animal that lived in the past, that has fossilized. From the analysis of these findings, paleontologists can obtain information on the eating habits and habitat in which the animal lived.
For example, the presence of seeds, leaves, bark or roots indicates that the excrement was produced by a herbivore, while if bones, claws or tendons were found, the animal was a carnivore.
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The largest known coprolite was found in 1995 by paleontologists from the Royal Saskatchewan Museum in Regina (Canada). It is 44 centimeters long and weighs 7 kilograms. It was produced by a carnivorous dinosaur and contains bone fragments from a young herbivorous dinosaur.
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