Ten years ago no country in the world guaranteed equal economic and social treatment to female workers compared to male colleagues. Today most of the world's economies are moving towards gender equity, thanks to important legislative interventions. However, only six nations can claim to have reached it, and Italy is not included in the list.
Belgium, Denmark, France, Latvia, Luxembourg and Sweden have passed laws that protect women and men equally in the world of work. This is established by an analysis by the World Bank, which assesses gender discrimination in 187 economies, with a score obtained starting from 35 different indicators (and as many questions).Since when do men rule?
Critical points. The study focuses on the laws that guarantee women the possibility of living and working freely, examining eight macro sectors: the ease of moving, starting a business, receiving a salary, getting married or divorcing, having children, leading a business, manage assets and receive a pension.
For each country, answers to questions such as: "Can a woman freely request a passport as a man?", "Can you legally access a profession?", "Are there laws on sexual harassment at work?", "Does the law require fair remuneration for jobs of equal value?", "Is there a paid maternity leave of at least 14 weeks?", "Is there paternity leave?", "Is the dismissal of pregnant workers prohibited?", "Do women and men have equal rights over inheritances and real estate assets?" .
A road still long. From these scores the authors have obtained a score of up to 100. If only six economies have "passed the exam" with a full score, the global average is 74.71: the bitter news on International Women's Day is that on average there is a lack of gender equality at work in a quarter of the areas examined.
Italy is in 22nd place, with a score of 94.38, after Greece, Portugal, Spain, Croatia, but before the Netherlands, Norway, Germany and the United States. The countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) achieved the highest scores, those of the Middle East and North Africa the lowest.
The second job (and the third, the fourth …). While not enjoying the same fundamental safeguards, women work altogether more than men. If it is true that men spend more hours away from home, the total amount of work, outside and inside the home, paid and unpaid, is higher for women, on whom there is an unpaid and unequally shared amount of care activities ( of people: the elderly, children, people with disabilities, adults; of the house: preparing meals, cleaning, collecting water). It is also this large number of hours that no one seems to take into account to increase the number of hours of female labor.