What are the most isolated people in the world?


Those that belong to tribes without any contact with the rest of humanity, the so-called uncontacted tribes . It is estimated that these groups are still a hundred: about 40 in Brazil, 15 in Peru, and others in those countries where the Amazon rainforest extends, such as Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Paraguay. But there are also in New Guinea and the Andaman Islands, in the Indian Ocean.

In 2011, Survival International, an organization for the protection of indigenous peoples, released a video showing a tribe of the Brazilian Amazon, on the border with Peru.

Image The video of Survival International, which succeeded for the first time in 2011 in filming a remote Amazon tribe. | Survival International / Youtube

It is the first aerial shot of a "group of blocks" and allows to know details about its habits: its members are tinged with red body extracts of spontaneous plants, they feed on bananas, papayas and tapioca, they have log huts and banana fronds and have some metal objects, such as pans and grinds, obtained from trade between tribes.

Survivors. Studies on isolated Indians are relatively recent. In Brazil they are the "sertanists", adventurer anthropologists. The first of them was Marshal Candido Mariano da Silva Rondon, who contacted various tribes at the beginning of the last century. His motto, "Dying if necessary, never killing", has become the manifesto of true Sertanists.

In Papua New Guinea, on the other hand, research has been initiated by anthropologists and linguists, attracted by the fact that around 800 languages ​​of the 5, 000 spoken on the planet are concentrated on the island.

The Dutch Johannes Velduizen was the first to contact, in the 70s, the Korowai, one of the last peoples of the Earth who builds tree houses.

A life choice. Hiding is a forced choice for many of these peoples, to survive the invasions of unscrupulous landowners, poachers and gold diggers, who often attack them, kill them, stun them with alcohol and rape their women.

Image Before they disappear. On the issue of Focus on newsstands until 20 October (and digitally forever) we tell you with splendid photos the history of the last tribal groups that resist globalization. A beautiful and touching photographic journey. |

We know very little about them: they are mostly nomads and base their livelihood on hunting and fishing and on the collection of vegetables, used to feed themselves, to heal themselves but also to build houses, weave baskets and hammocks, produce weapons, paint their bodies and celebrate rituals, to distil poisons, soaps, deodorants, contraceptives and perfumes.

Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité. "Their society, " explains David Hill, an anthropologist in Peru, "is not founded on any formal hierarchy, but on an egalitarian structure: decisions are made with everyone's consent. But nobody has direct observations on their way of life. The only thing we know is that they want to keep us away "

Below is a brief documentary by Survival International on uncontacted tribes.